Note that a photograph—although not any less significant or important—is often much smaller than a work of created art, and is placed in quotation marks. Following are guidelines for punctuating titles according to MLA standards. Share Flipboard Email. Grace Fleming has a master's degree in education and is an academic advisor and college enrollment counselor. She lectures and writes about study skills.
Quotation Marks with Fiction, Poetry, and Titles
Updated September 22, Works to put in italics include:. When deciding how to handle smaller works, put quotation marks around:. Some titles are merely capitalized and not given additional punctuation. These include:. Religious works, like the Bible or the Koran Buildings Monuments. When using quotation marks to indicate an ironic word and that word comes at the end of the sentence, does the punctuation go inside the quotation mark or outside? What if you're paraphrasing, or even making up what somebody would say?
I'd imagine you don't use quotations if it's not exact, right?
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Also, would you still put a comma after "said" in these cases? And yes I know, rephrase those 2 in some way I'm sure you'll say, but I hate rephrasing. I want to learn, not avoid how to do it. Or would you use italics? Or just do nothing to it? I have vague recollection that when writing a long dialogue, that the paired quotes are not maintained throughout the entire quotation. The start of teach new paragraph of the dialogue commences with a double quote, but a double quote only appears at then end of the final paragraph.
What is the correct usage of quotes when the quotation spans multiple paragraphs, and indenting is not appropriate? Thanks, Wayseeker! I taught third grade so I tend to try to write the rules as simply as possible. Unfortunately, grammar jargon turns many people off and is confusing for some students. Thanks for reading my Hubs; I'm a huge fan of yours on HubPages!
This is by far one of the most common grammatical problems I encounter in my middle school classroom. This hub puts the rules into clear and simple terms.
I may even send some of them here when they need clarification! Thanks for the quotation tips, especially the ending punctuation rule, which clarified it for me. What I need to know it; how do you write a note in a novel. Say a girlfriend leaves a boyfriend a note inside his desk. When he finds it he reads it. How should we see that note on the page? In italics? With quotations? At the end of the sentence, or a small square in the center of the page with spaces all around? I am a court reporter and very often have to extract quotes from various case law.
In my transcript, how do I illustrate that. What is important here is clarity -- making sure that the reader knows what are your words, and what words are from TKAM. A general rule is to use single quotation marks on a quote within a quote. If you have a long quote and this may qualify , at least some guidebooks recommend indenting and single spacing the quote. I would say to use single quotes on quotes within the quote. You may want to reword so that you avoid quotes within quotes within quotes.
I have already been taught these rules, but for a paper I have to write we have to use quotes from Chapter 24 of "To Kill a Mockingbird. Merriweather is telling a story to the women around her. She talks about her conversation with her kitchen-maid, Sophie, and Harper Lee uses quotations of what Mrs. Merriweather says.
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Like I said, for my essay we have to use a quote from that page, but in the passage, there are already quotes, and those quotes have quotes inside them as well. Hey, Robin, this is great! I've been having trouble with quotaion marks because they seem to have changed the rules since I went to school half a century ago. When I Googled it, your page was the second one, and looked intriguing, so I've read everything from four years ago to six days ago!
No wonder I never get any work done! But you seem to have stopped answering the questions. Are you still there? You should tell Sarah there's no such word as "allot. Put the period inside or outside the quotaion mark? Inside, right? Another queation: I tend to use quotaion marks for empasis, as inThanks for "stepping up to the Plate.
Wow, thank you! Very helpful! This article came up first in the google search engine today, and I didn't even realize it was written by a fellow hubber until I visited the page! Very well done, your section on titles answered my question. Like this: "Yes, we are,"?
Hi Robin, your knowledge is insightful. Can you also tell me how 'air quotes' are used? Hi Robin, recently stumbled upon your site and I love it!! I'm writing an essay for college and want to say that as a child I flew from New York to San Francisco as an "unaccompanied minor" the airline's term for minors traveling alone in the care of a stewardess to visit my grandparents. Quick question So when you refer to a specific word but it's at the end of a sentence the period would be outside of the quotation? For example, your sentence:. Another good one. I needed this one also, because I've always been unsure of when to use the single quotation mark.
Again I say thanks for the lesson. I'll be back. I bookmarked this one,and voted it up. Love your site! I've had this page bookmarked for months and refer to it constantly. A question: When writing a scene of dialog where your POV character is engaged in a phone conversation, are there specific rules regarding italics? I came across a short story where all the dialog of the non-POV character's telephone conversation was put in italics to set it apart. I found this difficult to read, and wondered if there was a grammatical reason the author might have done this. Do you put quotes around the name of an event Thanks Robin!
I volunteered to do this research for my GED class. The questioin was asked,"When do you use quotation marks, do you use them when emphasizing movies,songs,or books? Thanks again. I read all your comments regarding not putting quotation marks around internal thoughts, preferably put them in italics. In my first novel, "Searching for Savage", a large portion of the book is the characters reading their mother's journal, which I have put all in italics to differeniate.
I also put Hawaiian and Jamaican patois in italic bold letters to reference back to the glossary in the back of the book. I often write software user guides that instruct the user to enter some text that includes punctuation. If the user types the period after the semicolon, the computer will give them an error. Perhaps this seems nitpicky, but I run into it all the time, and I haven't seen any grammar instructions address it.
4 Responses to “Work of Art Titles”
I looked for a rule regarding titles, and I would first go to the comma inside the quotes rule, but it looks so awkward. So, for example:. I need to put a quote within a quote within a quote. What goes inside the single quotations marks? If it's another single quote Furthermore, 'we an older court followed the rule set out by the older court that 'ABC is the rule.
I was wondering if there was any exception to the rule of no quotations and italics in the same phrase. Here is an example of something I thought may be the exception:. Lucy thought about what her teacher Mrs.
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- 43 comments on “Punctuation with Titles”.
Here's a question for you: I'm a freeland court reporter and in a recent deposition the atty asks the witness:. I'm thinking you don't use the quotation marks when someones says quote-end quote; but I'm not sure!! Do you know how many people need info quickly and it would beeasier to retrieve from online.
Something like grammer. Thank you so much for when to put quotes. Every darn time I would face this dilemna and I think I used different solutions each time because I could not decide. With regard to grammer and punctuation, I do recall that consistency is just as respected as correctness. Meaning that if you are going to do something off the path, at least do it the same way every time. I think I will use italics. Hi everyone. I've been having problems with single word quotes and short quotes. For example, which one of these is correct? Hi Robin! I'm so glad I found your hub on quotation marks.
I just have a simple question, is it grammatically correct to use quotation marks to indicate irony? I mean, would it be okay to use them in theses and papers? And if it is possible, do you still have to put the first letter in capitals? Another great hub! It's great to have all this information clearly presented in one place! In your example, if your sentence ends in a period, put the period inside the quotation mark.
If this sentence ends in an exclamation point or question mark, put the punctuation on the outside of the quotation mark. Please see my comment to Stacy above if you need more clarifying. Hope that helps! Don't begin with vast generalizations like "Within every human being there are unique thoughts and feelings that no other person has ever experienced before.
In most cases, it's best to state your main idea - your thesis - in the first or second paragraph, so that your reader knows right away what it is that you're going to argue. You're not writing a review, where evaluation is appropriate; you're writing criticism which isn't necessarily critical, but analytic. The Mark On The Wall,'" which tells your readers about you instead of the text , you might write "'The Mark On The Wall' dispenses with the traditional beginning-climax-end story structure. It's sometimes hard to resist the desire to rehash a novel's plot.
However, remember, in academic writing it is assumed that your audience is familiar with the text.
Make sure you're writing an argument, not simply a plot summary. It's fine to make a point, such as "the first memoir seems rambling and aimless, while the second is tightly structured. Reminiscences', Woolf discusses her mother in several places, sometimes repeating herself, sometimes contradicting her previous statements.
When to Punctuate Titles in Italics or Quotes
Don't read your own assumptions into the text, as in: "The speaker must be a man because women wouldn't act so insensitively. You may want to consider the following, which is by no means a complete description of either the elements of style or their definitions. Not all of these will be appropriate for every discussion. But having thought about these elements, you should be able to draw conclusions create an argument, an interpretation about the overall significance of the text as you understand it.
Tightly structured? Is there a climax and denouement? How are the parts of the story connected?
Related quotation marks around essay titles
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